What's a Greater Leap of Faith: God or the Multiverse?
What's a greater leap of faith: God or the Multiverse? What's the multiverse? Brian Keating, Professor of Physics at the University of California, San Diego, explains in this video.
The universe is a hostile place and the odds against our existence are truly astronomical. Our very existence suggests a Creator.
- If the forces holding particles together were tweaked slightly, atoms would not be able to form.View Source
- There are more than 200 known parameters for a planet to support life, and there are no known planets besides Earth that meet these criteria.View Source
- The earth’s distance from the sun, the size of the atom, and a thousand other factors that allow us to live all seem to be perfectly tuned for our existence. There is a 1 in 700 quintillion chance of a planet being Earth.View Source
- The universe seems perfectly tailored to life. This “fine tuning” requires an explanation.View Source
- WATCH: “Does Science Argue for or Against God?” - Eric MetaxasView Source
The same scientists who reject God’s existence for lack of evidence believe in the “multiverse,” despite no evidence to support the theory.
- Cosmologists say that immediately after the Big Bang, the universe underwent a rapid expansion, what they call the Theory of Inflation.View Source
- According to the theory, an infinite number of universes were spawned.View Source
- Multiverse theory is endorsed by Nobel Prize-winning scientists like Steven Weinberg.View Source
- Stephen Hawking, an atheist, embraced the multiverse theory as an alternative to the existence of God.View Source
- WATCH: “God vs. Atheism: Which Is More Rational?” – Peter KreeftView Source
Hard science is not immune to the groupthink that plagues the social sciences. The latest example: the evidenceless multiverse theory.
- As physicist Lee Smolin points out, belief in the multiverse is unscientific because it has no evidence to support it, thus requiring blind faith.View Source
- Even if the “multiverse” view were correct, scientists would still need to explain where the multiverse came from.View Source
- Related reading: “A Brief History of the Multiverse” – Paul Davies, The New York TimesView Source
- WATCH: Physicist Prof. Brian Keating on the groupthink that can plague science.View Source
The theory that there are other universes beyond ours and with their own laws cannot be tested or proven. In other words, it’s unscientific.
- The existence of other universes, beyond our own and with their own laws, cannot be tested or proven. According to physicist Paul Davies, “[I]nvoking an infinity of unseen universes to explain the unusual features of the one we do see is just as ad hoc as invoking an unseen Creator. The multiverse theory may be dressed up in scientific language, but in essence, it requires the same leap of faith.”View Source
- Stephen Hawking didn’t believe in God, yet he supported the multiverse theory.View Source
- As G.K. Chesterton quipped, “When men stop believing in God they don’t believe in nothing, they believe in anything”View Source
- Related reading: “Losing the Nobel Prize: A Story of Cosmology, Ambition, and the Perils of Science's Highest Honor” – Brian KeatingView Source
Everything from atoms to planets to stars are perfectly aligned to allow for the conditions of life on Earth, suggesting a Divine Designer.
- Everything from atoms to planets to stars are perfectly aligned to allow for the conditions of life on Earth.View Source
- Even Stephen Hawking, an avowed atheist, at one point admitted there must be some sort of “impersonal God” behind the universe.View Source
- WATCH: Theologian Frank Pastore on four new arguments for the existence of God.View Source
- Related reading: “Science Increasingly Makes the Case for God” – Eric MetaxasView Source
Many scientists believe in the multiverse theory as an alternative to intelligent design, but both require a leap of faith.
- A growing number of scientists believe in multiverse theory as an alternative to intelligent design, though the theory is backed by zero evidence and requires just as much faith as believing in God.View Source
- Physicist Paul Davies on the multiverse theory: “[I]nvoking an infinity of unseen universes to explain the unusual features of the one we do see is just as ad hoc as invoking an unseen Creator. The multiverse theory may be dressed up in scientific language, but in essence, it requires the same leap of faith.”View Source
- WATCH: Philosopher Peter Kreeft on “the benefits of belief.”View Source
How did we get here? I mean, literally. Not just you and me, but the whole shebang. How is any kind of life possible? The universe is a hostile place—solar flares, cosmic rays, asteroids flying about. The odds against our existence are truly astronomical.
Take it from me—I’m an astrophysicist. My job is to look out into space, at stars and galaxies, trying to answer these basic how-did-the-universe-come-to-be questions.
Well, those who have a religious faith have an answer: God.
The earth’s distance from the sun, the size of the atom, and a thousand other things large and small that allow us to live and to breathe and to think all seem perfectly tuned for our existence. To many, this design suggests a designer. But from a purely scientific point of view, the faithful have a big problem: They can offer no indisputable proof for this belief.
Because of the lack of hard evidence, it’s probably not surprising that over 70% of the members of the National Academy of Sciences declare themselves to be atheists.
But they have a big problem, too.
Absent a creator, how do they account for the existence of the universe, of planet earth, of human consciousness? How do they account for the existence of …anything?
Well, turns out they have an answer. And it’s become all the rage in scientific circles.
It’s called the “multiverse,” and according to many scientists, our universe isn’t the whole ball game; far from it. These scientists argue that there are an awful lot of universes out there—not just one or two, but an infinite number.
Let me explain:
13.8 billion years ago, there was a Big Bang—from something unimaginably small (we don’t know exactly what), the universe exploded into existence. How did it happen? Why did it happen? Doesn’t matter. ‘Cause it happened.
Immediately after the Big Bang, the universe underwent a rapid expansion. Think of a gush of bubbles exploding from a seriously shaken soda can just after it’s popped open. Cosmologists call this the Theory of Inflation.
As the universe inflates and expands—the bubble universes grow and separate to become their own distinct entities, each with their own unique properties. In other words, new universes are spawned—and not just a handful…an infinite number of them.
Some of these universes would be too cold for life, and some too hot. But, with an infinite number, surely one is bound to get it just right. In short, you and I are just an accident that, given enough universes, was inevitable.
But, wait—there’s more. Because there are so many universes, it’s very likely, according to the multiverse scenario, that everything that could possibly happen does happen in one universe or another. That girlfriend who broke up with you? You’re married to her in another universe.
Does this sound a bit far-fetched? A little science-fictiony?
Well, not to Nobel Prize-winning scientists like Steven Weinberg or the famed cosmologist Stephen Hawking, as well as a myriad of others who whole-heartedly endorse it.
But here’s what’s really surprising: They endorse it knowing there’s not a single shred of hard scientific evidence that supports it. And how can there be? There’s no way we can access another universe.
In short, a vast number of the world’s most eminent scientists believe in something that hasn’t been, and in all likelihood, will never be proven. How does that sound to you?
Probably the same way it sounds to the distinguished physicist Paul Davies:
“Invoking an infinity of unseen universes to explain the unusual features of the one we do see is just as [made up] as invoking an unseen Creator. The multiverse theory may be dressed up in scientific language, but in essence it requires the same leap of faith.”
Or, as G.K. Chesterton quipped: “When men stop believing in God, they don’t believe in nothing; they believe in anything.” For multiverse believers, this is literally true: the same scientists who reject God’s existence due to lack of evidence pin their hopes on a theory so all-inclusive and vague it can never be refuted.
Those who believe God created the universe are intellectually honest enough to admit that they do so on the basis of faith. But those who believe in the multiverse are also keeping the faith. They just don’t admit it.
So, let me ask you, who’s taking the bigger leap?
I’m Brian Keating, Professor of Physics at the University of California, San Diego, for Prager University