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Aug 22, 2016
Presented by
Heather Mac Donald

Are the police racist? Do they disproportionately shoot African-Americans? Are incidents in places like Ferguson and Baltimore evidence of systemic discrimination? Heather Mac Donald, a scholar at the Manhattan Institute, explains.

Police officers are more likely to shoot unarmed white suspects than unarmed black suspects. 

  • A recent study by Lois James of Washington State University found that police officers are three times less likely to shoot unarmed black suspects than unarmed white suspects.View Source
  • Harvard economist Roland Fryer analyzed more than 1,000 shootings and concluded that police shootings show no racial bias. His study of police-involved shootings in Houston found that blacks are 24% less likely than whites to be shot by police in situations when they are armed or acting in a threatening manner.View Source
  • Read Heather Mac Donald on the myths of racial bias in police shootings.View Source
  • Related reading: The War on Cops: How the New Attack on Law and Order Makes Everyone Less Safe – Heather Mac DonaldView Source
  • Related reading: Are Cops Racist? – Heather Mac DonaldView Source

Police are not more likely to fire on blacks than whites. In fact, a Harvard study found that blacks are 24% less likely to be fired on.

  • Harvard economist Roland Fryer analyzed more than 1,000 shootings and concluded that police shootings show no racial bias. His study of police-involved shootings in Houston found that blacks are 24% less likely than whites to be shot by police in situations when they are armed or acting in a threatening manner.View Source
  • A new study by Lois James of Washington State University found that police officers are three times less likely to shoot unarmed black suspects than unarmed white suspects.View Source
  • Read Heather Mac Donald on the myths of racial bias in police shootings.View Source
  • Related reading: The War on Cops: How the New Attack on Law and Order Makes Everyone Less Safe – Heather Mac DonaldView Source
  • Related reading: Are Cops Racist? – Heather Mac DonaldView Source

An extensive Harvard study recently found that police shootings show no evidence whatsoever of racial bias against blacks.  

  • Harvard economist Roland Fryer analyzed more than 1,000 shootings and concluded that police shootings show no racial bias. His study of police-involved shootings in Houston found that blacks are 24% less likely than whites to be shot by police in situations when they are armed or acting in a threatening manner.View Source
  • A new study by Lois James of Washington State University found that police officers are three times less likely to shoot unarmed black suspects than unarmed white suspects.View Source
  • Read Heather Mac Donald on the myths of racial bias in police shootings.View Source
  • Related reading: The War on Cops: How the New Attack on Law and Order Makes Everyone Less Safe – Heather Mac DonaldView Source
  • Related reading: Are Cops Racist? – Heather Mac DonaldView Source

Multiple studies have found the notion that police officers' accounts are biased and unreliable is largely a myth.

  • Harvard economist Roland Fryer analyzed more than 1,000 shootings and concluded that not only do police shootings show no racial bias, but accusations of widespread bias and unreliability in police reports were largely unfounded. His study of police-involved shootings in Houston found that blacks are 24% less likely than whites to be shot by police in situations when they are armed or acting in a threatening manner.View Source
  • In her study of police-involved shootings of minorities, Heather Mac Donald of the Manhattan Institute found that data suggesting police bias was often de-contextualized, misleadingly ignoring details of the cases, such as the threatening actions of suspects and attempts to gain access to weapons.View Source
  • Related reading: The War on Cops: How the New Attack on Law and Order Makes Everyone Less Safe – Heather Mac DonaldView Source
  • Related reading: Are Cops Racist? – Heather Mac DonaldView Source

Statistics show that cops are 18 times more likely to be killed by a black person than to shoot an unarmed black person. 

  • In her study of police-involved shootings of minorities, Heather Mac Donald of the Manhattan Institute found that African Americans are far less likely to be shot by police than would be suggested by black crime rates, which are disproportionately high. She also found that “police officers face an 18.5 times greater chance of being killed by a black male than an unarmed black male has of being killed by a police officer.”View Source
  • Related reading: The War on Cops: How the New Attack on Law and Order Makes Everyone Less Safe – Heather Mac DonaldView Source
  • Related reading: Are Cops Racist? – Heather Mac DonaldView Source

Do black Americans have “disproportionate” encounters with law enforcement? Statistics show they commit a disproportionate number of crimes.

  • In America’s 75 largest cities in 2009, African Americans represented 62% of all robbery defendants, 57% of all murder defendants, and 45% of all assault defendants. In New York in 2014, blacks made up 23% of the population but committed three-quarters of all reported shootings and 70% of all robberies. Studies suggest these higher crime rates likely stem from a variety of factors, including fatherless, low-income homes and deteriorating value systems.View Source
  • Read Heather Mac Donald on the myths of racial bias in police shootings.View Source
  • Related reading: The War on Cops: How the New Attack on Law and Order Makes Everyone Less Safe – Heather Mac DonaldView Source
  • Related reading: Are Cops Racist? – Heather Mac DonaldView Source

Whites and Hispanics are 3 times more likely to be fatally shot by police than blacks.

  • Whites and Hispanics are three times more likely to be fatally shot by police than African Americans, despite statistics showing blacks committing a disproportionate number of violent crimes.View Source
  • African Americans make up 13% of the population, yet account for 26% of police-involved shootings. Is that a sign of racial bias among police? No, it is a result of higher crime rates likely stemming from a variety of factors, including fatherless, low-income homes and deteriorating value systems. In America’s 75 largest cities in 2009, African Americans represented 62% of all robbery defendants, 57% of all murder defendants, and 45% of all assault defendants. In New York in 2014, blacks made up 23% of the population but committed three-quarters of all reported shootings and 70% of all robberies.View Source
  • Harvard economist Roland Fryer analyzed more than 1,000 shootings and concluded that police shootings show no racial bias. His study of police-involved shootings in Houston found that blacks are 24% less likely than whites to be shot by police in situations when they are armed or acting in a threatening manner.View Source
  • Read Heather Mac Donald on the myths of racial bias in police shootings.View Source
  • Related reading: The War on Cops: How the New Attack on Law and Order Makes Everyone Less Safe – Heather Mac DonaldView Source
  • Related reading: Are Cops Racist? – Heather Mac DonaldView Source

Why are black Americans incarcerated at a higher rate? Statistics show that black Americans commit violent crimes at a higher rate. 

  • In America’s 75 largest cities in 2009, African Americans represented 62% of all robbery defendants, 57% of all murder defendants, and 45% of all assault defendants. In New York in 2014, blacks made up 23% of the population but committed three-quarters of all reported shootings and 70% of all robberies. Studies suggest these higher crime rates likely stem from a variety of factors, including fatherless, low-income homes and deteriorating value systems.View Source
  • Studies of lesser offenses, like traffic stops, show similar results.View Source
  • Read Heather Mac Donald on the myths of racial bias in police shootings.View Source
  • Related reading: The War on Cops: How the New Attack on Law and Order Makes Everyone Less Safe – Heather Mac DonaldView Source
  • Related reading: Are Cops Racist? – Heather Mac DonaldView Source

Does the truth matter?

Not to groups like Black Lives Matter. That’s tragic for many reasons, not the least of which is that black lives are being lost as a result.

When it comes to the subject of American police, blacks, and the deadly use of force, here is what we know:

A recent “deadly force” study by Washington State University researcher Lois James found that police officers were less likely to shoot unarmed black suspects than unarmed white or Hispanic ones in simulated threat scenarios. Harvard economics professor Roland Fryer analyzed more than 1,000 officer-involved shootings across the country. He concluded that there is zero evidence of racial bias in police shootings. In Houston, he found that blacks were 24 percent less likely than whites to be shot by officers even though the suspects were armed or violent.

Does the truth matter?

An analysis of the Washington Post’s Police Shooting Database and of Federal Crime Statistics reveals that fully 12 percent of all whites and Hispanics who die of homicide are killed by cops. By contrast, only four percent of black homicide victims are killed by cops.

But isn’t it a sign of bias that blacks make up 26 percent of police-shooting victims, but only 13 percent of the national population? It is not, and common sense suggests why. Police shootings occur more frequently where officers confront armed or violently resisting suspects. Those suspects are disproportionately black.

According to the most recent study by the Department of Justice, although blacks were only about 15 percent of the population in the 75 largest counties in the US, they were charged with 62 percent of all robberies, 57 percent of murders and 45 percent of assaults. In New York City, blacks commit over three-quarters of all shootings, though they are only 23 percent of the city’s population. Whites, by contrast, commit under two percent of all shootings in the city, though they are 34 percent of the population. New York’s crime disparities are repeated in virtually every racially diverse city in America. The real problem facing inner-city black communities today is not the police but criminals.

In 2014, over 6,000 blacks were murdered, more than all white and Hispanic homicide victims combined. Who is killing them? Not the police, and not white civilians, but other blacks. In fact, a police officer is eighteen and a half times more likely to be killed by a black male than an unarmed black male is to be killed by a police officer. If the police ended all use of lethal force tomorrow, it would have a negligible impact on the black death-by-homicide rate.

In Chicago, through just the first six-and-a-half months of 2016, over 2,300 people were shot. That’s a shooting an hour during some weekends. The vast majority of the victims were black. During this same period, the Chicago police shot 12 people, all armed and dangerous. That’s one half of one percent of all shootings.

Does the truth matter?

If it does, here’s a truth worth pondering:

There is no government agency more dedicated to the proposition that black lives matter than the police. The proactive policing revolution that began in the mid-1990s has dramatically brought down the inner-city murder rate and saved tens of thousands of black lives. Unfortunately, that crime decline is now in jeopardy.

As I write in my book, The War on Cops, police officers are backing off of proactive policing in black neighborhoods thanks to the false narrative that police officers are infected with homicidal bias. As a result, violent crime is going up, in cities with large black populations, homicides in 2015 rose anywhere from 54 percent in Washington DC to 90 percent in Cleveland. Overall, in the nation’s 56 largest cities, homicides in 2015 rose 17 percent, a nearly unprecedented one-year spike. 

Many law-abiding residents of high-crime areas beg the police to maintain order — precisely the type of policing that the ACLU, progressive politicians, and the Obama Justice Department denounce as racist. This is tragic because when the police refrain from proactive policing, black lives are lost.

Lost because of a myth.

The best research and data reach this conclusion: there is no evidence that police are killing blacks just because they are black.

You now have the truth. Does it matter?

I’m Heather Mac Donald of the Manhattan Institute for Prager University.

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